How To: Configure TCP/IP Address and Other Network Information In Windows Vista
Change your TCP/IP Settings on Windows Vista
- Go to the Windows Vista Control Panel from the Start menu.
- Click “Network and Internet” and then “Network and Sharing Center.”
- Click “Manage network connections.”
- Choose which Internet connection you would like to change if you have more than one. Right click on it and select “Properties.”
- Click the “Networking” tab.
- Choose either Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) or Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IPv6).
- Click “Obtain an IP Address Automatically” to reset your IP address automatically, then click OK.
- Click “Use the following IP Address” to enter your own IP settings.
- Enter your IP address into the boxes marked “IP Address,” “Subnet Mask” (or “Subnet prefix length for IP/TCPv6) and “Default gateway.”
Note: IP address of your computer must be unique. None of the 2 computers in the network can share same IP address, it causes IP address conflict.Internet Protocol Version 4 uses 32 bit IP addresses, allowing for a total of roughly 4 billion possible IP addresses available for use. As more and more IP addresses are used, however, they will eventually run out. Internet Protocol Version 6 uses a 128 bit IP address, which creates considerably more IP addresses.
Change your DNS Server Settings in Windows Vista
DNS Server stands for “Domain Name System Server“. It is another system of identification and communication. It takes domain names and translates them into IP Addresses to connect them to a network.
- Click “Obtain DNS Server Address Automatically” and then click “OK.”
- Click “Use the following DNS Server addresses” to change your DNS Server settings manually.
- Type your primary DNS Server address into the box that says “Preferred DNS Server.”
- Type your secondary DNS Server address into the box that says “Alternate DNS Server.”
Note: Default gateway is a router that can route the traffic to the other network or internet. DNS server is an application server that can translate URL to IP address.
Change IP address and DNS servers in Windows Vista using the command prompt
Changing TCP/IP settings using the GUI property in Windows Vista is very easy and simple. But what about if you want to have more fun doing it, and change the IP and DNS properties using the Windows Vista command prompt? We can easily change the IP address and DNS servers using the built-in utility in Windows Vista called “Netsh” is a nifty utility to change system networking settings, locally or remotely. To run Netsh command utility in Windows Vista click on start then RUN and type CMD press ENTER.When the command prompt comes up type Netsh, now you should be ready to execute commands.
To change the Local Area Connection TCP/IP settings in Wndows Vista type the following command:
interface ip set address name=”Local Area Connection” static 192.168.10.42 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.1
Changing the DNS IP address is almost identical as the procedure above, type the following command on the Netsh prompt:
interface ip set dns “Local Area Connection” static 192.168.1.1
To Setup WINS, type the following command:
interface ip set wins “Local Area Connection” static 192.168.1.1
To set the network properties to obtain the IP address from a DHCP server, type the following command:
interface ip set address “Local Area Connection” dhcp
To set DNS to obtain IP address automatically type the following:
netsh interface ip set dns “Local Area Connection” dhcp